The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and its Total Worker Health program released a workbook in December that provides a practical starting point for employers, workers, and other professionals to implement workplace safety and health programs and identify initial steps to improve worker well-being.
The workbook, Fundamentals of Total Worker Health® Approaches: Essential Elements for Advancing Worker Safety, Health, and Well-Being, can help organizations identify and address job-related factors that may be contributing to health problems, such as hours of work, workload and stress levels, interactions with coworkers, and unhealthful work environments.
NIOSH defines Total Worker Health as policies, programs, and practices that integrate protection from work-related safety and health hazards with promotion of injury and illness prevention efforts to advance worker well-being.
The workbook prioritizes a hazard-free work environment for all workers and applies a modern prevention approach—consistent with traditional occupational safety and health prevention principles—that recognizes that job-related factors can have an important impact on the well-being of workers, their families, and their communities.
“Integrated interventions that collectively address worker safety, health, and well-being help to align with the recognition that work influences overall health,” says NIOSH Director John Howard, M.D.
“The Total Worker Health philosophy advocates for the integration of occupational safety and health protection in the workplace, advancing overall worker health and well-being through the elimination or control of workplace hazards.”
The workbook introduces five Defining Elements of TWH:
- Demonstrate leadership commitment to worker safety and health at all levels of the organization.
- Design work to eliminate or reduce safety and health hazards and promote worker well-being.
- Promote and support worker engagement throughout program design and implementation.
- Ensure confidentiality and privacy of workers.
- Integrate relevant systems to advance worker well-being.
In addition to providing examples of TWH approaches, a self-assessment tool, and resources to develop an action plan and measure progress specific to the organization, the workbook features a new conceptual model, the Hierarchy of Controls Applied to NIOSH Total Worker Health.®
A hierarchy of controls is a system that lists how to minimize or eliminate exposure to hazards in the workplace, from what is most effective to what is least effective.
This expanded new model serves to illustrate how Total Worker Health approaches emphasize organizational-level interventions to protect workers’ safety, health, and well-being.
In 2017, NIOSH intends to gather feedback from organizations, practitioners, and others who pilot this workbook.