The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has created a web page to help protect workers from hazards they may face during winter storm response and recovery operations.

The web page provides guidance on how employers and workers involved in cleanup and recovery operations can recognize snow-storm related hazards and the necessary steps that employers must take to keep workers safe while working in these conditions. The page includes guidance for workers clearing heavy snow in front of workplaces and from rooftops, workers encountering downed power lines or traveling on icy roads, and utility workers restoring power after winter storms.

Hazards associated with working in winter storms include:

  • Being struck by falling objects such as icicles, tree limbs, and utility poles
  • Driving accidents due to slippery roadways
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Dehydration, hypothermia, and frostbite
  • Exhaustion from strenuous activity
  • Back injuries or heart attack while moving snow
  • Slips and falls due to slippery walkways
  • Electrocution from downed power lines and downed objects in contact with power lines
  • Burns from fires caused by energized line contact or equipment failure
  • Falls from snow removal on roofs or while working in aerial lifts or on ladders
  • Roof collapse under weight of snow or melting snow if drains are clogged
  • Lacerations or amputations from unguarded or improperly operated chain saws and power tools, and improperly attempting to clear jams in snow blowers

Effective means of addressing winter storm hazards include:

  • Assuming all power lines are energized and stay well clear of any downed or damaged power lines
  • Making certain all powered equipment is properly guarded and disconnected from power sources before cleaning or performing maintenance
  • Using caution around surfaces weighed down by large amounts of snow or ice
  • Clearing walking surfaces of snow and ice and using salt or its equivalent where appropriate
  • Providing and ensuring the use of fall protection and provide and maintain ladders (employer)
  • Staying in the vehicle: do not leave the vehicle unless help is visible within 100 yards
  • Wearing reflective clothing, and eye, face and body protection
  • Establishing and clearly marking work zones
  • Using engineering controls, personal protective equipment, and safe work practices to reduce the length and severity of exposure to the cold