Under OSHA's recordkeeping regulations, certain covered employers are required to prepare and maintain records of serious occupational injuries and illnesses.
They must do this using the OSHA 300 Log and are required to post a copy of the form in a common area of the workplace through April 30.
This information is important for employers, workers, and OSHA in evaluating the safety of a workplace, understanding industry hazards, and implementing worker protections to reduce and eliminate hazards.
Two classes of employers are partially exempt from routinely keeping injury and illness records.
First, employers with 10 or fewer employees at all times during the previous calendar year are exempt from routinely keeping OSHA injury and illness records.
OSHA's revised recordkeeping regulation maintains this exemption.
Second, establishments in certain low-hazard industries are also partially exempt from routinely keeping OSHA injury and illness records.
Due to changes in OSHA's recordkeeping requirements that went into effect Jan. 1, 2015, certain previously exempt industries are now covered.