Connecticut employers may test applicants or employees for drug and alcohol use only under carefully controlled circumstances.

In general, job applicants cannot be required to submit to a urinalysis drug test unless they are informed in writing that the test is part of the application process, the test is conducted in accordance with statutory procedures, and the applicant is given a copy of any positive result.

Current employees cannot be required to submit to a urinalysis drug test unless the employer has “reasonable suspicion” that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol and that the employee’s job performance is or may be adversely affected.

Random drug testing of current employees is not permitted unless (1) such test is authorized under federal law; (2) the employee serves in an occupation which has been designated as high-risk or safety-sensitive; or (3) the test is conducted as part of an employee assistance program sponsored or authorized by the employer in which the employee voluntarily participates.

Connecticut’s drug testing law applies to all private employers, regardless of size. In addition, there may be federal drug-testing laws that apply to a particular employer or a particular position.

CBIA offers onsite training programs for supervisors on reasonable suspicion, drug testing and related topics. Email Mark Soycher or call the HR Hotline 860.244.1900 for more details.

More Information

Dealing with Substance Abuse