Where required by some OSHA standards, firms with more than 10 employees must have a written emergency action plan; smaller companies may communicate their plans orally.

Top management support and the commitment and involvement of all employees are essential to an effective emergency action plan.

Employers should review plans with employees when initially put in place and re-evaluate and amend the plan periodically whenever the plan itself, or employee responsibilities, change.

Emergency procedures, including the handling of any toxic chemicals, should include:

  • Escape procedures and escape route assignments.
  • Special procedures for employees who perform or shut down critical plant operations.
  • Systems to account for all employees after evacuation and for information about the plan.
  • Rescue and medical duties for employees who perform them.
  • Means for reporting fires and other emergencies.

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