A report on government pension systems says Connecticut officials are underestimating the state's pension liabilities by billions of dollars.

The report, Hidden Debts, Hidden Deficits: How Pension Problems Are Consuming State and Local Budgets, from Stanford University's Hoover Institution, looks at government measurements of pension costs and obligations, and how these differ from market valuations.

Unfunded pension liabilities
The Hoover Institution report says Connecticut is underestimating its pension liabilities by by more than $38 million.

Joshua Rauh, a senior fellow at Hoover, concludes that the roughly $30 billion in pension liabilities that Connecticut officials reported in 2015 is actually $68.4 billion.

The culprit, Rauh's report says, is unrealistic expectations on investment returns, which government officials use to calculate unfunded liabilities.

"These standards still preserved the basic flaw in governmental pension accounting: the fallacy that liabilities can be measured by choosing an expected return on plan assets," Rauh says.

"This procedure uses as inputs the forecasts of investment returns on fundamentally risky assets and ignores the risk necessary to target hoped-for returns."

Wholesale Changes Needed

The news is not good for Connecticut, where recurring tax hikes and the lack of meaningful, long-term spending reforms have stunted economic and job growth.

CBIA and its members have long pushed for real structural reforms to the state employee retirement system to bring benefits more in line with the private sector.

Rauh's report confirms the need for wholesale changes.

The $30 billion in pension liabilities officials reported in 2015 is actually $68.4 billion.
"Connecticut's long-term fiscal health and stability relies on enacting long-term structural state employee benefit reforms that will significantly rein in state employee costs," said CBIA counsel Louise DiCocco, who specializes in tax matters.

"Otherwise we are certain to continue passing today's governmental costs onto our future taxpayers."

What's happening, Rauh wrote, is that "governments are borrowing from workers and promising to repay the debt when they retire, but the accounting standards allow the bulk of this debt to go unreported through the assumption of high rates of return."

'Unrealistic' Return Rates

By using unrealistic return rates, the report says, the government is miscalculating and, consequently, under reporting the size of its unfunded pension liabilities.

In 2015, for example, many pension funds assumed an investment return rate of 7.6%.

Under that assumption, money invested today will double in about nine-and-a-half years.

However, changes made in 2014 and 2015 to government accounting standards for pensions required some plans to assume a lower return rate of 7.3%.

But even that rate is unrealistic, Rauh says.

"In order to target high returns, systems have taken increased investment positions in the stock market and other risky asset classes such as private equity, hedge funds, and real estate," he says.

"The targeted returns may or may not be achieved, but public sector accounting and budgeting proceed under the assumption that they will be achieved with certainty.

"Furthermore, while systems face somewhat stricter disclosure requirements under the new [government] standards, these standards will not directly affect funding decisions."


For more information, contact CBIA’s Louise DiCocco (203.589.6515) | @LouiseDiCocco

Filed Under: State Spending
  • A pubic pension plan should use a 5%-5.5% Discount Rate, 6% MAX. No, I take that back, even 6% i too high for a guaranteed return in today’s economy.

  • Tough Love

    When GABS changed some of it ‘s rules a few years back (GABS 67 and 68), instead of mandating assumptions and procedures typical of Private Sector Plans in the USA and Gov’t Plans throughout Europe, it “caved” to the unholy interests of Public Sector Unions and workers.

    Instead of following recognized economic theory & practice and mandating the calculation of Plan liabilities using the MUCH lower (3%-4%) interest rates that reflect the strength of the pension guarantees, they continued to allow the discounting ALL Plan liabilities (even for the portion of Plan liabilities NOT backed by Plan assets* ) using the much higher (7% to 8%) investment return assumption ….. other than for calendar years beyond the point (IF it occurs) when a Plan has completely run out of assets.

    * the absurdity of assuming one will earn 7% to 8% on the share of liabilities not backed by ANY assets is simply beyond pale.

    • Tough Love

      Ooophs …GABS should of course be GASB (the Gov’t Accounting Standards Board).

  • TS_CT

    The picture for CT is worse than the above chart reflects. If we look on a per-capita basis the CT unfunded liability is second highest at $19,000 for every man, women and child in the state. Only Illinois is worse at $28,000 per person.

  • 1984 Universe

    There is so much back door corruption going on in Connecticut to make ends meet. The drastic changes they need to make will not happen because the unions are embedded inside the legislature.